Climate change hurts everyone worldwide

Maxwell W. '20, Writer

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Over the years, the Earth has been affected by massive change in temperatures and the different climates across the globe. Areas drastically affected by climate change are the Great Barrier Reef, Amazon River Basin and poorly isolated African countries according to National Geographic.  

Climate change can be affected through a variety of ways. One way is the  amount of sunspots from the sun. Sunspots are places on the surface of the sun, that creates a cooler tempur\\According to Dr. Tony Phillips, a writer for, since 2018 to now, the sun has been blank or covered up by sunspots 60 percent of the time. The main effects of this comes from the sun’s solar cycle, which is the amount magnetic flux that rises up to the sun’s surface. Once the magnetic flux reach the surface, different levels of solar winds come onto Earth  influencing galactic rays from the sun. These rays have a negative effect for climate change because, they create an atmospheric phenomena and a massive amount of cloud cover.

When this cycle reaches a maximum peak, the sunspots not needed will become visible for a long time. It also creates more electrified gas throughout space making a massive amount of eruptions. When the solar cycle reaches a minimum level, it becomes harder to see the sun’s sunspots in the atmosphere. This creates a relationship  with climate change because without the sun heating our planet daily, Earth will be much more frigid. However, it is not uncommon to have a solar minimum in the solar cycle around Earth. Since 1843, sunspots have been disappearing every 11 years because of the major solar activity around the sun. However scientists have noticed this solar minimum has been decreasing drastically creating a massive hangover of heating up Earth.

“ Climate Change is a serious problem that needs to be fixed if we plan to continue live the way we want to live. The way to fix it is by simply reducing our emissions,” Tyler B.’20 said.

Another cause of climate change across the United States is from human needs. These needs result into one problem called the greenhouse effect. This effect occurs when different levels  of oxygen and hydrogen gas rise into the atmosphere and trap heat from dispersing throughout the Earth. These types of gases are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. According to NASA, out of all the four gases, the most abundant is water vapor. As the Earth’s atmosphere rises, water vapor also increases. This creates a possibility of warmer air and it increases the chances of precipitation. For the other three gases, they are not as prominent like water vapor. Carbon dioxide is a major long- lived force for climate change, but is a minor component in the atmosphere. Due to human needs, carbon dioxide is released in deforestation, burning fossil fuels and other means.

Methane gas is produced through multiple natural resources and human activities. When methane gas is burned out into the atmosphere, it can help produce electricity, heat building and start car engines. This can affect climate change  if humans use too much methane, it can cause

massive landfill in the area. Finally, nitrous oxide gas is formed by soil cultivation practices which can increase the concentration of the ozone layer.

“The main problems of climate change stems from population growth here on Earth. Also, our society is becoming more industrialized and is burning too much fossil fuels. Finally, if the countries of India and China don’t cooperate with burning fossil fuels in their area, then it will hurt our planet,” Julie Effler, A.P. Environmental teacher said.

The final cause of climate change today is the Earth’s rotation around the sun. At a normal speed, the Earth orbits the sun at a speed of 67,000 miles per hour. When the earth rotates around the sun, it is rotating  in a counterclockwise direction. While doing this, when the Earth reaches or faces the sun, the climate is warm or hot. When it faces away from the sun, the Earth is colder or frigid. This is the logical sense of how Earth’s seasons work. However, when the Earth, is not following its current orbit around the sun, climate changes in the area.

“I think climate change will bring catastrophic, irreversible damage to our planet. Also, we must take significant steps to reduce the problem,” Sean B.’20 said.

With the world changing everyday, nobody knows how climate change will fair. However, with the guidance of scientists and other intellectuals, its effects may be able to be controlled.